Short-term wind speed forecasting by an adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS): an attempt towards an ensemble forecasting method

(1) * Moslem Yousefi Mail ((SCOPUS ID: 53985756300,Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN)), Malaysia)
(2) Danial Hooshyar Mail (Department of Software Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
(3) Amir Remezani Mail (Department of Software Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
(4) Khairul Salleh Mohamed Sahari Mail (Center for Advanced Mechatronics and Robotics Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia)
(5) Weria Khaksar Mail (Center for Advanced Mechatronics and Robotics Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia)
(6) Firas B. Ismail Alnaimi Mail (Center for Advanced Mechatronics and Robotics Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang, 43000, Selangor, Malaysia)
*corresponding author

Abstract


Accurate Wind speed forecasting has a vital role in efficient utilization of wind farms. Wind forecasting could be performed for long or short time horizons. Given the volatile nature of wind and its dependent on many geographical parameters, it is difficult for traditional methods to provide a reliable forecast of wind speed time series. In this study, an attempt is made to establish an efficient adaptive network-based fuzzy interference (ANFIS) for short-term wind speed forecasting. Using the available data sets in the literature, the ANFIS network is constructed, tested and the results are compared with that of a regular neural network, which has been forecasted the same set of dataset in previous studies. To avoid trial-and-error process for selection of the ANFIS input data, the results of autocorrelation factor (ACF) and partial auto correlation factor (PACF) on the historical wind speed data are employed. The available data set is divided into two parts. 50% for training and 50% for testing and validation. The testing part of data set will be merely used for assessing the performance of the neural network which guarantees that only unseen data is used to evaluate the forecasting performance of the network. On the other hand, validation data could be used for parameter-setting of the network if required. The results indicate that ANFIS could not outperform ANN in short-term wind speed forecasting though its results are competitive. The two methods are hybridized, though simply by weightage, and the hybrid methods shows slight improvement comparing to both ANN and ANFIS results. Therefore, the goal of future studies could be implementing ANFIS and ANNs in a more comprehensive ensemble method which could be ultimately more robust and accurate

Keywords


Short-term wind speed forecasting; an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system; artificial neural network

   

DOI

https://doi.org/10.26555/ijain.v1i3.45
      

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